Research Area Dyslipidemia

Dyslipidemia refers to the derangements of one or many of the blood lipid parameters; elevations of total cholesterol, low-density cholesterol (LDL) and/or triglycerides(TG), or low levels of high-density cholesterol (HDL). Studies reported a 44% prevalence of elevation of cholesterol among men and 50% prevalence among women in urban Delhi during 1984-87. Dr Misra and his team recorded low levels of HDL-C levels in 15-16% of the people belonging to the low socio-economic stratum living in New Delhi. Dyslipidemia is a major risk factor of coronary heart diseases that are influenced by lifestyle transition and urbanization. In India, the main determinants of dyslipidemia are: reduced physical activity, imbalanced diet, excess abdominal fat and genetic predisposition.